Fri February 28, 2014
Crisis In Ukraine: Gunmen At Airport; Yanukovych Vows To Return
Originally published on Fri February 28, 2014 8:28 pm
We'll be adding updates as the day continues.
The crisis in Ukraine took another ominous turn when gunmen in unmarked military uniforms on Friday took control of two airports on the Crimean peninsula — where the majority of people are ethnic Russians and many want to break away from the new government in Kiev.
Update at 5:15 p.m. ET: Obama Warns Russia On Ukraine
President Obama spoke about Ukraine and Russia Friday afternoon, saying the U.S. is "deeply concerned" by reports that Russian service members might be playing a role in new developments in Ukraine.
You can read more details of the president's statement in a separate post.
Update at 8:25 p.m. ET: Face To Face With Armed Men
Speaking to NPR's Newscast unit from Sevastopol, journalist Jessica Golloher says she was stopped by armed men in large trucks that bore Russian flags. The would not say whether they were Russian or Ukrainian.
"A lot of people, the Russian-speaking population, feel they are going to be targeted by the Ukrainian government," Golloher said.
She said that finding out who is in charge is the "million-dollar question," and that the masked men "basically disbanded the government" in semi-autonomous Crimea.
Our original story continues:
There was no violence reported. No shots were said to have been fired. But Ukraine's new interior minister, Arsen Avakov, wrote on his Facebook page that "military units" from the Russian Navy fleet based at Crimea's Black Sea port of Sevastopol were at one of the airports. At the other airport, Avakov wrote, the men "[did] not hide their affiliation to the armed forces of the Russian Federation."
Avakov's claims were dismissed by Moscow. "Russia's Black Sea Fleet has denied that Russian servicemen are taking part," the BBC says.
But there was word from Reuters that "more than 10 Russian military helicopters flew from Russia into Ukrainian airspace over the Crimea region on Friday." Videos showing what appeared to be those aircraft popped up on YouTube and on newssites late in the day.
Eight Russian transport planes has landed in Crimea, says a spokesman for the Ukrainian border service. The AP reports that the planes "were given permission to land, one after the other, at Gvardeiskoye air base, north of the regional capital, Simferopol."
The news agency adds that the official, Serhiy Astakhov "says the people in the planes refused to identify themselves and waved off customs officials, saying they didn't require their services." (Update at 5:25 p.m. ET.)
Also, The Associated Press wrote that Ukraine's State Border Guard said a Ukrainian Coast Guard base on Crimea had been "surrounded by about 30 Russian marines." (Update at 8:05 a.m. ET.)
The activity at the airports, Reuters and other news outlets reported, led Ukrainian officials to close or restrict the airspace over Crimea. But an official at the international airport in the Crimean capital of Simferopol said some flights were taking off and landing, Reuters added. (Update at 1:35 p.m. ET.)
At the White House, spokesman Jay Carney said the U.S. is deeply concerned about the reports that the gunmen might be Russian soldiers.
"Intervention would be a grave mistake," Carney said early Friday afternoon. "We call on Russia to respect its international obligations ... to refrain from the threat or use of force." Carney said the u.s. is "looking into" the reports about Russian soldiers and is "seeking clarification." (Update at 12:35 p.m. ET.)
Pressed on what the U.S. would consider to be "intervention" in Ukraine, Carney said "some reports ... suggest intervention [by Russia] and we're concerned about those." The U.S., he said, is "watching closely to see whether Russia might be crossing the line." And what might constitute "crossing the line?" Carney said he wouldn't "speculate or frame it beyond the reports we've seen."
The White House spokesman added that the U.S. has had "blunt and direct conversations with our Russian counterparts." (Update at 1:15 p.m. ET.)
By mid-evening in Europe, the BBC was reporting that Russian President Vladimir Putin had said in a phone call with the leaders of Germany and the U.K. that he does not want to see "further escalation of violence in Ukraine." (Update at 12:10 p.m. ET.)
The developments follow Thursday's takeover of government buildings in Crimea by pro-Russia gunmen and a vote by the parliament there to schedule a referendum on whether the region should demand more autonomy.
Meanwhile, ousted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych held a news conference Friday in Rostov-on-Don, a city on the Russian side of the border with Ukraine. As he began his remarks just after 5 p.m. local time (8 a.m. ET), Yanukovych said he is "eager and ready to fight for the future of Ukraine." He said the agreement he signed last week that was aimed at holding new elections later this year needs to be enforced. (Update at 8:12 a.m. ET.)
Yanukovych said, however, that he is "not going to ask for military support" — a signal that he won't turn to his Russian allies for that kind of help. Still, he decried those who he said are using "terror and fear" to rule Ukraine and who he said forced him to flee even though he had agreed to a play for new elections later this year. He referred to his toppling as "banditry and a coup." (Update at 8:45 a.m. ET. For more on Yanukovych's news conference, click here.)
The new government in Ukraine has announced it will ask Russia to extradite Yanukovych, so that he can face mass murder charges stemming from the deaths in Kiev last week of scores of protesters. Yanukovych has also been accused of corruption, and Ukrainian authorities claim he's responsible for the disappearance of billions of dollars in government money.
As NPR's Michele Kelemen reported Friday on Morning Edition, while all this goes on, "the U.S. says this should not be a zero sum game, and Ukraine should not face a choice of East versus West, but that's not an easy case to make." Secretary of State John Kerry, she added, "says he received assurances from Moscow that it will respect Ukraine's territorial integrity."
We've previously summed up what sparked months of protest in Kiev and ultimately led to Yanukovych's dismissal last weekend this way:
"The protests were sparked in part by the president's rejection of a pending trade treaty with the European Union and his embrace of more aid from Russia. Protesters were also drawn into the streets to demonstrate against government corruption."
Also Friday, Bloomberg BusinessWeek writes, "Ukraine's new government said it had enough reserves to pay all creditors as the country started negotiations for an International Monetary Fund loan." But BusinessWeek notes that Ukraine's currency, the hryvnia, "[has] plunged to a record low this week as ethnic tensions at home and Russian military maneuvers nearby rattle investors."